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Iguana Island is located on the southern end of the Azuero Peninsula, in the Pedasi district of the Los Santos province. It is an island formed by volcanic rock and declared Wildlife Refuge by law in 1981.
The island is an important nesting site for migratory and sea birds with a constant population of over 5,000 frigatebirds (Fregata Magnificens) – a clear indicator of the rich fishing grounds around Iguana Island. From far away you may observe hundreds of birds flying over the island and fishing to nurture their chicks. Additional to the frigatebirds frequently seen species are Brown Boobies, Black-headed Gulls, Ospreys, New World Warblers and Pelicans.
Iguana Island is surrounded by almost 100 acres of coral reef, making it the island with most coral reef in the entire Gulf of Panama. Iguana Island is an important tourist attraction to visit for both locals and international visitors due to its white sand beaches and crystal clear waters. On the island you can practice different water sports such as swimming, stand-up paddle, snorkeling or scuba-diving where for sure you will see a large number of colorful fish such as parrotfish, snapper, soldierfish, butterflyfish as well as caray turtles among others.
In the months from July to October visitors are able to watch humpback whales with their babies around Iguana Island. The whales migrate from colder areas to the warm waters around Iguana Island which are rich in plancton and little fish – the perfect place for them to give birth and teach the newborns to swim. Another attraction of the eco-tourism on Iguana Island are the many species of crabs and hermits that are found along a hiking trail that crosses the island as well as the hundreds of black iguanas that gave the island its name.